PMID: DOI: Recent studies have suggested an increase in the number of retracted scientific publications.
A retracted nipple is a nipple that turns inward instead of outward, except when stimulated. This type of nipple is sometimes referred to as an inverted nipple. Some experts make a distinction between retracted and inverted nipples, referring to a retracted nipple as one that lies flat against the breast, rather than indenting in.
The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Molecular Cancer 16 Prior to the introduction of tamoxifen, high dose estradiol was used to treat breast cancer patients with similar efficacy as tamoxifen, albeit with some undesirable side effects. However, both de novo and acquired endocrine resistance represent a significant clinical problem.
Inspection and palpation are the only practical methods of surveying women for breast cancer. Periodic x-ray examination of the breast mammography has been proposed by some, and it is under intensive investigation at this time. Its value remains to be determined. As described on pp.
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Automated breast volume scan ABVS ultrasound is one of the first representatives of automated ultrasound systems which is developed to help identify potential pathologies by acquiring full-field volume of the breast automatically. The system utilizes a high-frequency 14 MHz transducer to automatically sweep over the breast, producing a This technique can image the breast lesions from coronal, sagittal, and transverse planes, providing all the information needed for precise documentation and depiction of the lesion.
Breast cancer is a malignant disease that affects both men and women. Any cancer occurs when there is an uncontrollable growth of cells. Nipple retraction, which can also be called nipple inversion, invaginated nipple, or inverted nipple, is the name given when the point of the breast turns inward or become inverted.